The Spanish goat is generally a medium to large size breed ranging from 65-250 pounds. Their breed type is determined by distinctive head, horns and facial features along with body conformation and uniformity. Their body is full, wide, and deep with good muscling evident throughout. They are alert, good-natured animals with a conformation that is smooth and functional.
Head: Short to medium long with a fairly straight profile, not convex (Roman nosed) as seen in Boer or Nubian breeds.
Nose: medium in length, wide and flat. Muzzle broad and slightly rounded not snippy. Jaws should be full and well formedwith an even bite. Forehead is broad and the eye orbits are prominent, especially from above. They protrude outward further than in other breeds, giving the head a distinctive appearance. Ears are usually medium in width and length, most often held horizontally from side of head, with possibly a slight twist at the base making them somewhat forward facing or slightly downward. Horned animals are typical.
Coat: Coat length varies from short and smooth to medium and somewhat shaggy. Many animals grow abundant cashmere during the winter. The only coat which is not acceptable is one that hangs from the animal in curly ringlets like seen in the Angora breed.
Color: All colors, combinations, patterns, and markings exist. Though the most common coloration remains black or earth tone colors such as brown, tan, etc... all colors and color schemes are acceptable with no one color or combination being better than another.
Neck: Well muscled, moderate length. Rounder and more full than dairy breeds. Females more slender and feminine, with males more muscular and masculine.
Forelimb and Chest: Forelimb should be somewhat muscular, well angulated from the side, and tightly attached to the body. Point of the shoulder should be somewhat behind the most anterior portion of the sternum. Legs from the front should be straight from the shoulder down. Joints should be broad, and legs should show good bone density. Chest should be moderately broad.
Back and Barrel: Back strong and level, broad and well-muscled. Ribs well sprung, providing for large capacity in chest and abdomen. The body should be deep and full.
Rump: Neither steep nor level with medium width and length. Tail should be symmetrical, wider at base narrowing at tip, usually carried over the back. Hips show some dairy character. Pin bones slightly lower than hips, wide and fairly pronounced. Thurls placed high and wide apart. Muscling evident throughout.
Rear limbs: Rear limbs should have good angles from the side with no tendency toward excessive straightness (postiness). From the rear leg set should look moderately wide apart, and should be reasonable straight with little tendency to be cowhocked. Pasterns should be resilient, short, and straight. Rear limbs should show good bone density and muscling should be very evident throughout.
Feet: Feet should be proportional to the goat, strong, well-shaped, and even. Hooves should be symmetrical with good heel depth.
Skin and Hair coat: Skin should be clean and resilient with a clean shiny coat. Skin and hair coat reveal the general health of an animal.
Mammary System: Udder proportionately medium to large in size with no tendency to be pendulous. Texture to be free of lumps and scar tissue, fairly firm and smooth. Rear attachment should be symmetrical, high, with halves evenly balanced. Front attachment should be well forward without pocket, blending smoothly to the body. Teats should be two of uniform size and length, symmetrically placed on the udder and free of deformities.
Reproductive System Bucks: Testicles should be 2 of equal size, fully descended, and showing firmness. Teats should be 2, symmetrical and nonfunctional. All bucks entering the Spanish Goat herd book shall have no more than 2 symmetrical and nonfunctional teats.